The Clothworkers’ Centre for Textile Materials Innovation for Healthcare (CCTMIH) was established following the award of a generous grant by the Clothworkers’ Foundation. The Clothworkers’ Foundation was set up by The Clothworkers’ Company in 1977 and aims to improve the lives of people and communities, particularly those facing disadvantage. The global population is predicted to increase to ca. 13 billion by 2067. An increasing, as well as an ageing population is expected to intensify the global demand for high quality, cost-effective healthcare products that can be readily accessed by all. New materials, manufacturing processes and finishing technologies are required to support existing and future product demands that rely on nonwoven and textile materials for their function. Many of these healthcare applications affect millions of people worldwide but significant technical challenges still need to be overcome in terms of product design and engineering.